The Ace is worth 1 or 11. No bullet, again. 2 is the lowest, then 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10/J/Q/K. Jack + King is 20. Consider this: if you shot the gun, it was blank, but did not spin before you shot again. However, if the dealer had a 5, and you had 16 – you would stay. It traditionally pays 3 to 2. This is the version played in Europe, Asia and Australia – where every player with a bet in the box is dealt a face-up card, from left to right, and then the dealer, and then every player is dealt a second card. What is card counting?
The house or the casino’s edge is as little as 0.05%, if a player plays perfect basic strategy. So, you do not spin. Anyway, fast forward to today, and it’s the most-played casino game in the world. This is how card counting works – if you are very vigilant and have a good system (Hi-Lo is the most commonly known and used by the famous MIT groups) you can predict what the cards will be by keeping track of what cards have already come out. When 1 Ace comes out, there are now 31 Aces left. Now, I have no problem with going to the casino, taking a couple of hundred dollars and just not worrying about the outcomes. Let’s pretend it’s being dealt with a manual shoe – that means the dealer shuffles the cards well, the cards are cut (generally the player inserts a cut card into the deck, at least 1.5 decks from either end and the dealer moves all the cards in front of the cut card to the back) and the cards are placed in a shoe. You shot again, and it was blank. Players try to make a hand (at least two cards, the value of which is added together) that is 21 or as close to 21 as possible – the dealer or ‘the house’ also draws cards to try to get to 21. Basic strategy gives the player very exact rules to follow in every situation in the game, in order to give them the best possible chance of winning. For now, give it a go – even at home with one deck. There is a lot to basic strategy which I will delve into in the coming days and link to from this article for your convenience. Queen + Queen is 20. No difference. Basic strategy refers to using knowledge of the statistical averages of the m88 asia game to win more hands than lose. And in a manual shoe (which, by the way, are not used much anymore due to card counting), the dealer generally puts the cards, from each finished hand, away into the discard holder until the cut card reappears. For the player, this means if they have A, 5 that is announced as ’6 or 16′. You can double down (one card only). it’s a lot of fun!
Blackjack is a game developed over a couple of centuries – Spain and France had the beginning ideas of it in about 1602 AD, in games that were about getting to 21, and bestowing the Ace with a value of 1 or 11. If either player goes over 21, they ‘bust’ – which means they lose.
Blackjack is the best hand you can get – it’s getting 21 on your first two cards. Chuck it on whatever number on Roulette, whatever side on Baccarat, roll the dice like you just don’t care on Craps. King + 10 is 20. Another 3 come out – there are now 28 Aces. You don’t have to go into a gambling venue to enjoy the game. So a 10 is worth 10, as is the Jack, Queen or King. A shoe is just the name for the container that holds the cards and where the dealer pulls the cards from. The big question is:
A standard 8 deck game contains 416 cards (52 cards in each deck without the Joker). The dealer does not get a second card – the house draws when all players have finished making their decision; therefore, what an individual player does directly affects the outcome for all players and the dealer. You can split pairs. Without spinning, shoot again, etc. You could bust, but it gives you your best chance of winning if you draw. 128 cards out of 416 – almost a third. Each time you spin, the outcome becomes random – the gun has no memory of what just happened. For the dealer, the house always takes cards for their highest value, so an A and 9 is not ’10 or 20′ – it’s just 20.
What is Blackjack?
How does card counting apply to Blackjack?
The best way to explain card counting is the analogy of the game of russian roulette, where there is 1 bullet in a gun chamber that holds 6 shots. However, Blackjack is the only casino game where there is a strategy – it is not just random. Each time you shoot without spinning the chamber, there is a 1 in 6 chance, then a 1 in 5 chance, then a 1 in 4 chance until there is an extremely high chance at 1 in 3 or 1 in 2 that you will fire the bullet! Bad game – I don’t recommend it.
First off, the Blackjack version referred to below is the one that many people know, love and play – a dealer ‘no hole card’ game. For example, if you have 16 and the dealer has a picture, you should definitely take another card. You shoot the gun and it’s empty. Blackjack cannot be formed again if you split hands, but that is another story – not something to worry about today. Mathematically speaking, there are 128 cards worth 10 in an 8 deck game. You spin the chamber again. That’s 1 shot down. 3 to 2 means 1 and a half times the original bet, so $10 wins $15, $30 wins $45, $75 wins $112.50. So when a card comes out, it is forevermore taken out of the shoe until a new shuffle.. That means that they will win 0.05% more than you do under basic strategy circumstances. An Ace and a Picture card – Blackjack! A + K, 10 + A, etc. You spin the chamber, and so on and so forth. In America, the dealer gets his second card – face-down.
Blackjack is a game of statistics. Unlike Roulette where numbers come up completely randomly and there is no ‘winning strategy’.
Anyway, in those 8 decks, there are 32 Aces. Each time that you spin and shoot, you have a 1 in 6 chance of firing the actual bullet. Chances are the dealer will bust. You shoot. You can take a card, and another card, or not take any cards. Needless to say, casinos do not like this, and for that reason manual shoes are not often used. Shoot again – no bullet. With or without live bets on the table … It’s usually on the left-hand side of the table. Instead there are electronic shufflers which constantly shuffle the cards (constantly spinning the gun chamber) so it is complete random – card counting = impossible.
What is basic strategy?
What is the house’s edge in Blackjack?
All About BlackjackThe Classic Casino Card Game
What is the best hand?
What do the cards mean?
Unlike poker, suits and picture-card ranks mean nothing in this game (except if you’re playing on Perfect Pairs, which is a sidebet)
Some people use arbitrage strategies as a means of generating a good regular income. When you are familiar with the theory of arbitrage betting, you can take advantage of it without losing money. You can experiment with small amounts of money on sports that have only two possible outcomes to see how it works out for you.
In conclusion, why not try arbitrage betting as an easy, enjoyable, low risk way of earning some money online? It also offers extra appeal to the gambler because it is a way of staying one step ahead of the bookmaker.. Other people like arbitrage betting as a hobby with the bonus of making some extra money.
The internet provides an excellent way of finding different bookmakers and opens the door to many more arbitrage opportunities than before.
The following short video summarises the principles of arbitrage:
There are many sites online where you can learn about arbitrage betting, otherwise known as arbitrage trading, before you commit yourself to using any of your money in this enterprise. It might be the answer to enjoying gambling without losing money in the process. You can become a productive arbitrage better and make more money without paying taxes on it than some people do in well paid jobs.
In summary, arbitrage is the process of using the differences in the odds that two or more bookmakers offer on some sporting events to avoid losing money and ensuring a guaranteed payback. Surf the internet as part of the learning process. It works well on sporting events in which there are only two possible outcomes, for example tennis and boxing.
Some experts say that you need a lot of money to use arbitrage. This is not so. Before you spend your money, learn the theory and principles of what arbitrage is and how it works and search online for ways to become successful at it. An arbitrage situation occurs when two bookmakers offer odds that differ enough to permit gamblers to back all outcomes and still make a profit. Arbitrage cannot work by using one bookmaker. You have to find at least two bookmakers who offer a high enough difference between fun88 login odds to take advantage of an arbitrage opportunity.
It is also known as scalping. In this way a guaranteed profit is ensured regardless of the result.
Betting arbitrage involves placing bets on all possible results of a sporting event so that there is a guaranteed profit on the result. If you are interested in sports betting anyway, you will enjoy learning about this even if you don’t choose to use it. It is well worth your while to check out arbitrage if you like gambling. In other words, you have nothing to lose.
Arbitrage betting can also be used in horse-racing where the odds can work in your favour by using different bookmakers.
The basic principle of arbitrage involves using the difference in odds between two different bookmakers and placing bets to take advantage of this difference. There is also the possibility that you could make a good income online from home using arbitrage strategies.
With arbitrage, you really can make money online at home on your computer if you take the time and make the effort to learn the strategy
Remember that the rule of thumb is for each lineup 80-20% ratio of $ ‘s entered in 50/50 odds vs tournaments. Much like buying lotto tickets the excitement of the possibility of winning tens of thousands of dollars in a single lineup entry is hard to resist.
Different Tournament Types:
What is Daily Fantasy Sports?
Most new players are attracted to the large scale high prize tournaments. If I happen to place in or win a tournament it could mean thousands or more.
I’ve been an avid player for the past 4 years and have grown my bankroll and even pulled out funds (after tournament wins) on occasion. 50/50 and Large Scale Tournaments. That however can not be said of the 50/50 odds match-ups. Generally that means a 4 or 5 to one ratio of 50/50 to Tournaments. All of the participants choose from the same player pool. The key to long term success in daily fantasy sports is focusing on 50/50 odds entries. In those we simply need to be slightly above average to win consistently.
The key to long term success in Daily Fantasy is finding the right balance of entries in the various contest types in any given week. That’s great if you don’t mind adding money to your account all the time. That way assuming I picked an above average team the $20 will return $40. They might even get lucky and actually place in one of those tournaments once in a while. In Daily Fantasy Sports (or DFS) players put together a team and compete head to head or in large scale tournaments against other players online. In simpler terms, for each lineup I come up with I’ll bet $20 on 50/50 odds and $5 in a low odds tournament. If I lose the tournament I’m still left with $35. This will keep your bankroll stable and allow you to have all the fun of “lotto ticket” tournament play while minimizing the need to add cash to your account.
Since both types of contests are fun to play https://th-th.facebook.com/m88.m88a and I do love the excitement of large scale tournaments my system involves playing both types but spreading the bets around so that in essence the 50/50 entries pay for the tournament entries. Realistically even someone that has very little fantasy football knowledge could simply construct lineups using their advice column. Typically these can be anything from 100 to 10,000 participants with prizes ranging from a few hundred dollars to a million or more.
One of the best sites for Daily Fantasy Advice, particularly dealing with Fantasy Football is Fantasyfootballadvisor.net . The key is a disciplined betting strategy combined with research and a high level of knowledge in the sport you choose to play.
Daily Fantasy Sports is a new take on Fantasy that has been on the rise ever since the courts ruled Fantasy Sports betting to be a game of skill rather then “Gambling”. Let’s face it we all think we are great at whatever fantasy sport we like to play but the idea that it is possible to win tournaments that pay out the top 10% of scorers is about as likely as the odds of beating the stock market consistently. They provide weekly in-depth analysis and cheat sheets for Fanduel and Draftkings Daily Fantasy Football lineups. The odds of winning depends on what type of contests players choose to participate in.
There are two main types of contests players can participate in. Still over time entering low odds tournaments is a road to an empty bankroll. There are a few similar sites out there so do your research!
Don’t Fall in the Trap
Do Your Research. The other type are large scale tournaments with big prizes for the winners. 50/50 contests are those which have 50/50 odds. That can either be going head to head against another randomly selected player or in a tournament with 50/50 odds where the top half of participants win
50/50 contests are those which have 50/50 odds. The key to long term success in daily fantasy sports is focusing on 50/50 odds entries. In simpler terms, for each lineup I come up with I’ll bet $20 on 50/50 odds and $5 in a low odds tournament. They might even get lucky and actually place in one of those tournaments once in a while. Generally that means a 4 or 5 to one ratio of 50/50 to Tournaments. Still over time entering low odds tournaments is a road to an empty bankroll. That way assuming I picked an above average team the $20 will return $40. Realistically even someone that has very little fantasy football knowledge could simply construct lineups using their advice column. This will keep your bankroll stable and allow you to have all the fun of “lotto ticket” tournament play http://thai-m88.com while minimizing the need to add cash to your account.
One of the best sites for Daily Fantasy Advice, particularly dealing with Fantasy Football is Fantasyfootballadvisor.net . That can either be going head to head against another randomly selected player or in a tournament with 50/50 odds where the top half of participants win. Much like buying lotto tickets the excitement of the possibility of winning tens of thousands of dollars in a single lineup entry is hard to resist. In Daily Fantasy Sports (or DFS) players put together a team and compete head to head or in large scale tournaments against other players online. Typically these can be anything from 100 to 10,000 participants with prizes ranging from a few hundred dollars to a million or more.
Most new players are attracted to the large scale high prize tournaments. If I happen to place in or win a tournament it could mean thousands or more.
The key to long term success in Daily Fantasy is finding the right balance of entries in the various contest types in any given week. The other type are large scale tournaments with big prizes for the winners. If I lose the tournament I’m still left with $35. In those we simply need to be slightly above average to win consistently.
Do Your Research
Don’t Fall in the Trap
Since both types of contests are fun to play and I do love the excitement of large scale tournaments my system involves playing both types but spreading the bets around so that in essence the 50/50 entries pay for the tournament entries. The odds of winning depends on what type of contests players choose to participate in.. Remember that the rule of thumb is for each lineup 80-20% ratio of $ ‘s entered in 50/50 odds vs tournaments.
I’ve been an avid player for the past 4 years and have grown my bankroll and even pulled out funds (after tournament wins) on occasion. 50/50 and Large Scale Tournaments. That’s great if you don’t mind adding money to your account all the time. The key is a disciplined betting strategy combined with research and a high level of knowledge in the sport you choose to play.
There are two main types of contests players can participate in. There are a few similar sites out there so do your research!
What is Daily Fantasy Sports?
Different Tournament Types:
Daily Fantasy Sports is a new take on Fantasy that has been on the rise ever since the courts ruled Fantasy Sports betting to be a game of skill rather then “Gambling”. All of the participants choose from the same player pool. Let’s face it we all think we are great at whatever fantasy sport we like to play but the idea that it is possible to win tournaments that pay out the top 10% of scorers is about as likely as the odds of beating the stock market consistently. They provide weekly in-depth analysis and cheat sheets for Fanduel and Draftkings Daily Fantasy Football lineups. That however can not be said of the 50/50 odds match-ups
This approach needs to be transparent, consistent, fair, efficient and safe.”
In the last decade, there has been significant worldwide growth in the sport horse industry, bringing with it socio-economic benefits to many national economies and to the horse industry itself. This growth, however, faces a number of challenges that impede the free and safe international movement of competition horses as well as the expansion of the equine industry. “However, we recognize that much of the growth in the horse industry is taking place in the traditional horse sport regions of the world – Europe, North America, Canada and Australia. These obstacles include inconsistent approaches to the application of health regulations and quarantine, leading to excessive and irregular health requirements for importation of horses.
“Unlike places such as Europe and North America where equine sport is very well established, significant room exists for expansion in territories including Asia.
In order to address these constraints, the OIE, with the support of the FEI and IFHA, and the contributions of a range of experts, is developing the ‘high health, high performance horse (HHP)’ concept, based on existing OIE Standards.
Dr Ko Wing Man, Secretary for Food and Health of the Hong Kong Government, welcoming delegates, said: “Globally, the international transportation of competition horses has become more extensive and frequent in the course of time driven by a steady growth in the number of events involving competition horses.”
The conference opened with a video message from Her Royal Highness Princess Haya, President of the FEI, in which she told delegates: “Some of the world’s most valuable and supervised horses are now competing for the biggest prizes on the planet here in Asia. I hope that the dialogue between all parties on all the topics covered in the next three days will be very fruitful.”
Mr Winfried Engelbrecht-Bresges, Chief Executive Officer of the HKJC and vice-chairman of the IFHA with special responsibility for international horse movement said: “It is vital for the growth of horse racing and equestrian sport internationally that the movement of horses becomes smoother, without jeopardizing the health status of horses around the world.”
“The acceptance of the HHP concept in May will be a major milestone in the history of horse sport development”, said Ingmar De Vos, FEI Secretary General. This historic workshop over the next three days is a wonderful opportunity for continued dialogue between all of us who are striving to make progress in this area and I am grateful to everyone here for their attendance and their input.”
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) is hosting a three day regional workshop for Asia, the Far East and Oceania, at Happy Valley Racecourse, Hong Kong. Recently, we saw the South East Asian Games in Myanmar. This week’s workshop, held in Hong Kong from 18-20 February, is the latest stage in that process, and is being attended by delegates from all over Asia, the Far East and Oceania.
Princess Haya added: “The single objective of this week’s session is to establish a better approach to the temporary importation of high performance horses, which is in line with established OIE principles and acknowledges that they present a low risk. Our common goal is to establish a framework for countries and regions to harmonise the approach to facilitating the movement of sport horses, including the formulation of temporary import conditions that would help minimise the risk of trans-boundary disease transmission.”
The workshop is the first of its kind ever held in Asia, and is co-organized by the International Equestrian Federation (FEI), the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA), the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department of the Hong Kong Government (AFCD) and the Hong Kong Jockey Club (HKJC).
“The concept of identifying a sub population of high health, high performance horses, which is in line with the OIE Standards and Principles, is designed to address the perceived issues in terms of global movement of horses. Cross-border competition is, of course, good for the sport, but it also improves the breed, as increased global competition helps to identify the best horses, many of whom are then involved in the breeding cycle. The event opened today, Tuesday 18 February.
To identify the concrete nature of the impediments to movement of competition horses, which covers all forms of equestrian sport, including horse racing, the OIE organises dialogue in various regions of the world, aimed ultimately at harmonising national health requirements for horse importation. “The growth of horse sport around the world has already created a lot of awareness and understanding of the issues we are facing, and it is encouraging to see that this has had a major positive impact on nations on many levels, on the horse sport industry and of course on athletes who are striving to represent their country at key international events, including the Olympic and Paralympic Games.”
“The OIE recognizes the value of the equine industry, not only because of the increased number of equestrian events worldwide, but also in terms of creating employment,” said Dr Bernard Vallat, Director General of the OIE. This workshop is one of a series organised by the OIE in different regions of the world, which brings together the key public and private sector stakeholders involved in this undertaking. Next year, the Asian Games will be held in Incheon, in the Republic of Korea and in 2020, the Olympic Games will come once again to Asia and the eyes of the world will be focused on this region.”
“From the IFHA’s perspective, we want to enable the world’s best horses to participate in the world’s leading events. So facilitation of international horse movement would also allow for emerging countries and regions to tap into the economic potential associated with an increase in numbers of equestrian events, be it horse racing or FEI sport.”
And to ensure that it is, Pornhub is offering a wide variety of donor rewards including everything from the set’s props to the stars’ underwear. The crowdfunding campaign’s funds will go towards shuttle transportation and video equipment with the company reportedly footing the rest of the bill. The online pornography clearinghouse is seeking to raise $3.4 million over the next 60 days in order to send up AV stars Eva Lovia and Johnny Sins. Space Sex: PornHub wants $3.4 million to make orbital whoopie
[Image Credit: Archive Holdings Inc.]
Source: PornHub (IndieGoGo)
Tags: EvaLovia, JohnnySins, porn, Pornhub, porno, sex, sexscene, space
Via: Venture Beat
Despite the associated physical difficulties of boinking in orbit, PornHub recently started an IndieGoGo campaign raising funds for the world’s first space-based sex scene. The effort has raised $1300 as of the time of this article’s publication so if you want to see two attractive people awkwardly attempt to bang in zero G’s, you know what you have to do.
. “This will be a grand experiment in learning how intercourse works after penetrating the Earth’s atmosphere,” Corey Price, vice president of Pornhub, said in a statement.
If the campaign is successful, the pair is slated to lift off sometime in 2016
Several times, he made confessions he later retracted.
Believing it was closing in on Van der Sloot, the FBI videotaped and allowed him to be paid $25,000 in a sting operation in Aruba last month. But it held off on arresting him, and he took the money and flew to Peru.
Van der Sloot was the last person seen with Holloway before the girl vanished on the last night of a high school graduation trip.
Guardia said Van der Sloot admitted to killing Flores because she found out about the Aruba case while using his laptop without his permission when he went out for coffee.
Van der Sloot was told he would get $225,000 once the body was found, Dietl said. The two later leave together.
He said the husky Dutchman grabbed Flores and smashed her with an elbow before strangling her and throwing her to the floor of his room.
Col. teen Natalee Holloway’s body if authorities transfer him from Peru’s most infamous prison to a jail in Aruba, Radio Netherlands Worldwide reports Sunday.
No body has been found, however.
He added, however, that Van der Sloot told investigators “he would only testify (on the matter) before Aruba authorities.”
Van der Sloot has since told police investigators that he knows the location of Holloway’s remains, the chief of Peru’s criminal police, Gen. And the prosecutor’s office on Aruba has reportedly said there is no treaty allowing prisoner transfers between Peru and the Netherlands.
The evidence against the Dutchman includes hotel security camera video showing Flores and Van der Sloot entering his hotel room together and the Dutchman leaving alone four hours later.
But he said police do not necessarily believe him and think he may have killed Flores before going out and returning to the hotel room with two cups of coffee and rolls.
It was not the first time Van der Sloot has admitted to having lied about the case. Cesar Guardia, told The Associated Press. According to the affidavit, Van der Sloot insisted that a written contract be signed between him and Twitty.
Kelly and Van der Sloot went to where the Dutchman said he and his father had put Holloway — in the foundation of a house.
“He is cold, calculating and cynical,” Canlla said.
Van der Sloot, who reportedly fears for his safety inside the infamous Miguel Castro Castro prison, said he will disclose information about Holloway’s remains on condition that he be transferred to his native Aruba.
Van der Sloot has told a number of differing accounts since Holloway’s disappearance, including one story in which he sold her to an unnamed man who took her out to sea in his boat — possibly to Venezuela.
After consulting with Twitty, Kelly contacted the FBI.
Efforts by the FBI to try to solve the Holloway case may have inadvertently helped fund the travel that enabled the murder of Flores in Van der Sloot’s hotel room.
He was arrested twice but released both times for a lack of evidence.
Van der Sloot confessed, police say, on his third full day in police custody and a full week after he fled into northern Chile.
Van der Sloot was secretly videotaped by the FBI in an Aruba hotel telling Kelly he pushed Holloway down, that she hit her head on a rock and died, the affidavit says. He said the Dutchman wanted to put her body into a suitcase but couldn’t.
June 5: Joran van der Sloot is escorted by Peruvian police as he arrives at their offices in Lima. (AFP/Getty Images)
And the affidavit says Van der Sloot admitted in a May 17 e-mail — he was in Peru by then — that he had lied about the location of Holloway’s remains.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
Peruvian President Alan García said Van der Sloot will serve his prison sentence in Peru, according to Radio Netherlands Worldwide.
Van der Sloot’s father died in February and he “wanted to come clean, but he also wanted money,” said Bo Dietl, a private investigator who worked with Kelly on the case.
The 22-year-old Dutchman, who is the prime suspect in Holloway’s disappearance, confessed to killing 21-year-old Peruvian Stephany Flores on May 30 — five years to the day after the Alabama teen disappeared during a senior class trip to Aruba.
The general said Van der Sloot took Flores’ cash, about $300 worth of Peruvian currency, two credit cards and her national ID card.
Security camera video from the Atlantic City casino early on the morning of her death shows Flores arriving at a poker table where Van der Sloot is sitting with other players, shaking his hand as if they met before and then taking the seat next to him.
The agency sent 10 to 12 agents to Aruba for a sting operation, he said, in which Kelly on May 10 gave Van der Sloot $10,000 in cash; another $15,000 was wired to a bank account.
Dutch murder suspect Joran van der Sloot says he’ll reveal the location of U.S. He said he then contacted his father, who helped him bury the body.
The Dutchman allegedly was seeking $250,000 in exchange for the location of Holloway’s body, how she died and the identity of those involved.
Guardia told the AP in an interview that the 6-foot-3 Van der Sloot impressed investigators with both his intelligence and brutality.
“He let slip that he knew the place where this person was buried,” Guardia said.
He was charged with extortion in the United States on June 2 — the day of his arrest in Chile — in a case that started after Van der Sloot contacted John Kelly, a New York lawyer for Holloway’s mother, Beth Twitty, in April, according to an affidavit.. Miguel Canlla, chief of homicide investigations, told the AP that Van der Sloot took off his shirt after strangling Flores and put it on her
“There is no doubt that China will stand up and take notice.”
Their capability makes watching these particular submarines especially interesting. military has used repeatedly against targets in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Iraq and Sudan. . But this one was different: for nearly three years, the U.S. The 14 Trident-carrying subs are useful in the unlikely event of a nuclear Armageddon, and Russia remains their prime target.
That’s why alarm bells would have sounded in Beijing on June 28 when the Tomahawk-laden 560-ft. It was an Ohio-class submarine, which for decades carried only nuclear missiles targeted against the Soviet Union, and then Russia. Florida surfaced, also on the same day, at the joint U.S.-British naval base on Diego Garcia, a flyspeck of an island in the Indian Ocean. Navy has been dispatching modified “boomers” to who knows where (they do travel underwater, after all). More alarms were likely sounded when the U.S.S. Four of the 18 ballistic-missile subs no longer carry nuclear-tipped Trident missiles. (See pictures of the U.S. A new class of U.S. But the Tomahawk-outfitted quartet carries a weapon that the U.S. Instead, they hold up to 154 Tomahawk cruise missiles each, capable of hitting anything within 1,000 miles with non-nuclear warheads. in its neighborhood. U.S.S. And the Klaxons would have maxed out as the U.S.S. In all, the Chinese military awoke to find as many as 462 new Tomahawks deployed by the U.S. Ohio popped up in the Philippines’ Subic Bay. “There’s been a decision to bolster our forces in the Pacific,” says Bonnie Glaser, a China expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. military in the Pacific.)
Source : http://news.yahoo.com/
If China’s satellites and spies were working properly, there would have been a flood of unsettling intelligence flowing into the Beijing headquarters of the Chinese navy last week. Michigan arrived in Pusan, South Korea, on the same day. superweapon had suddenly surfaced nearby
That difference in cost was noted by Brian in the letter to the energy secretary.
Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. He was on a panel that last year concluded the plutonium in warhead triggers is much sturdier than previously thought, with a life span of as much 100 years.
The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. Such approval means they are ready to use.
But Los Alamos and agency officials bristle at suggestions that the new triggers might be less reliable or have flaws that could affect their performance.
At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. At Los Alamos, it has cost an estimated $430 million over 10 years to certify the first trigger. Scientists at Los Alamos and at the government’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California concluded the change did not degrade the reliability of the triggers, according to NNSA.
Kevin Roark, a spokesman for the Los Alamos weapons program said the changes in specifications “have been fully explored, fully vetted and fully accepted by NNSA and engineering analysis (conducted) by us.”
Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.
FOXNews.com – Quality of Nuclear Devices Questioned – Politics | Republican Party | Democratic Party | Political Spectrum
The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.. The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.
Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.
By H. For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.
Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S. Project on Government Oversight: http://www.pogo.org
In an e-mail response to the watchdog group’s claims, Bernard Pleau, a spokesman for the agency’s office at Los Alamos, said the changes do not “compromise the integrity of the parts. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.
The agency acknowledged there were “more than 70 engineering authorizations” _ as it characterizes the waivers _ approved in the new W88 pit certification and that this was a “relative high number.”
The change in manufacturing process, from wrought to cast, has been a subject of debate and extensive analysis among those involved in nuclear weapons. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs. The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.
“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.
Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.
Raymond Jeanloz of the University of California at Berkeley, a longtime adviser to the government on nuclear weapons issues, said in an interview he is not surprised there have been some modification in the W88 warhead, but that does not mean it is less reliable.
The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.
A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. The bottom line _ the pits produced meet all functional quality requirements for use and are fully accepted by NNSA.”
“The manufacturing process for the W88 has been incredibly, thoroughly vetted,” said Jeanloz. All rights reserved. That required extensive computer modeling and testing to assure precise shape, size and weight and that the triggers meet performance requirements.
On the Net:
National Nuclear Security Administration: http://www.nnsa.doe.gov/
The government will not say how many W88 warheads it has. It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.
Los Alamos National Laboratory: http://www.lanl.gov/
Officials say the cost figures reflect the fact that new facilities and a new process for making the replacement triggers had to be developed. The number has been estimated at about 400, in addition to an estimated 3,200 W76 warheads that also are designed for the submarine-based Trident II missile.
A single trigger made at Rocky Flats cost less than $4 million. JOSEF HEBERT, Associated Press Writer
Because the U.S. no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Sunday, January 20, 2008
In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.
Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal
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design information during the next decade, according to a congressional report on Chinese nuclear espionage that will be released officially Tuesday.
Bob Franken and Pierre Thomas contributed to this report.
“Some of the most significant thefts have occurred during the last four years,” Cox said.
May 24, 1999
Web posted at: 10:42 p.m. “Ballistic and space launch programs have long been intertwined.”. submarine radar technology and illegally obtained secrets about U.S. nuclear secrets is directed toward the Clinton administration and how slowly it reacted when word of the espionage surfaced.
Also among the purloined blueprints for weapons of mass destruction: the W-88 warhead, described as “the most sophisticated nuclear weapon the United States has ever built.”
According to the report, U.S. Such information would likely find its way into the PRC’s ballistic missile program,” the congressional report said. nuclear labs, stealing secrets about the U.S. companies seeking waivers to launch satellites on Chinese rockets.
According to investigators, the CIA first learned of the extent of the Chinese espionage in 1995 when a Chinese national approached the agency and turned over a secret Chinese government document.
“What the PRC (People’s Republic of China) has stolen has enabled them to jump over decades of incremental development that were necessary, for example, for the United States,” said Cox.
“It’s not good news,” he said. insatiable’
All of the weapons could target the United States.
The report by his committee said “China’s appetite for information and technology appears to be insatiable and the energy devoted to the task enormous.”
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Shelby: Reno should resign over China espionage probe
May 23, 1999
Report: China benefited from stolen nuclear secrets
May 20, 1999
Congressman calls alleged Chinese spying ‘grave’
May 16, 1999
Sources: Report finds China stole ‘sensitive’ nuclear data
May 14, 1999
Reno defends computer-search caution in Los Alamos case
May 13, 1999
Senate spotlights nuclear security lapses
May 12, 1999
U.S. missile guidance systems through satellite launch deals with American companies.
In March, Richardson fired a longtime scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, Wen Ho Lee, because of security violations as well as suspicions of espionage.
Details of the Cox report have been trickling out for weeks amid a growing criticism of the Clinton administration’s response to fix the security lapse after it was exposed in 1995.
The CIA later determined that the person who turned over the document worked for Chinese intelligence.
Chinese Embassy to the U.S.
Office of the Director of Central Intelligence
Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China
Department of Energy
Department of Justice
Attorney General Janet Reno
The White House
National Security Council
Biography of Samuel Berger
Los Alamos National Laboratory
The report credits Energy Secretary Bill Richardson for making long-needed security improvements to the nation’s vulnerable nuclear labs, run by the Department of Energy.
“It does make one wonder how it is, how others who possessed this information could so readily have dismissed it, or not acted upon it,” Cox said.
WASHINGTON (CNN) — China could begin production of advanced thermonuclear weapons based on stolen U.S. Christopher Cox (R-California), chairman of the House select committee that conducted the year-long investigation.
‘China’s appetite … EDT (0242 GMT)
“There are a number of reasons that intelligence services direct information this way,” Cox said. and Hughes Electronics allegedly gave China unauthorized design information. “To advertise in some cases something about their strength that they want you to know; in other cases, to promote disinformation.”
The report concludes: Chinese “penetration of our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today.”
‘It’s not good news’
“It means that we’re going to be preparing ourselves to defend against American technology used against us,” said Rep. neutron bomb and every warhead in the U.S. intelligence has determined the technology espionage by the Chinese, dating back to the late 1970s and continuing through the 1980s and ’90s, “has leaped, in a handful of years, from 1950s-era strategic nuclear capabilities to the more modern thermonuclear weapon design.”
According to the Cox report, China penetrated U.S. State Department issues travel warning for China
May 10, 1999
The sharpest criticism for the theft of U.S. you can learn a great deal about military matters in the United States,” Cox said.
Chinese knowledge increased by decades
The House investigative committee was formed in the wake of accusations that campaign contributions might have influenced the Clinton administration to give favorable trade treatment to U.S. satellite manufacturers Loral Corp. “The world is a lot less safer today as a consequence of these thefts.”
Cox also has accused China of obtaining information through the use of “front companies” in the United States — a method he said is “far broader than previously realized.”
But following the failures of some of those launches, U.S. nuclear arsenal — including those for the MX Peacekeeper and Minuteman III missiles.
“In many cases, a little piece of information might seem innocuous, but if you collect enough of them through the so-called matrix technique …
“It means that in addition to paying for our own defense, we are actually paying to arm a potential adversary,” Cox said.
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Those weapons “may be tested in 1999 and could be deployed as soon as 2002,” the report states.
The report also reveals allegations that China stole design information about U.S